Respiratory Control: A Modeling Perspective

Free download. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. You can download and read online Respiratory Control: A Modeling Perspective file PDF Book only if you are registered here. And also you can download or read online all Book PDF file that related with Respiratory Control: A Modeling Perspective book. Happy reading Respiratory Control: A Modeling Perspective Bookeveryone. Download file Free Book PDF Respiratory Control: A Modeling Perspective at Complete PDF Library. This Book have some digital formats such us :paperbook, ebook, kindle, epub, fb2 and another formats. Here is The CompletePDF Book Library. It's free to register here to get Book file PDF Respiratory Control: A Modeling Perspective Pocket Guide.

Articles

  1. Respiratory Control - A Modeling Perspective | F.S. Grodins | Springer
  2. Breadcrumb
  3. Respiratory Control

Mark Ansermino. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Specialty section: This article was submitted to Computational Physiology and Medicine, a section of the journal Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology. Received Aug 10; Accepted Jan The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author s or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice.

No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract The goal of this study is to derive a minimally complex but credible model of respiratory CO 2 gas exchange that may be used in systematic design and pilot testing of closed-loop end-tidal CO 2 controllers in mechanical ventilation. Keywords: respiratory CO 2 gas exchange, data-based modeling, closed-loop mechanical ventilation control.

Introduction It is anticipated that autonomous closed-loop controlled mechanical ventilators will be increasingly used in the future to enhance the safety of mechanical ventilation. Table 1 Preclinical testing of closed-loop mechanical ventilation controllers reported in the literature. Open in a separate window. Respiratory Co 2 Gas Exchange Model Model Structure Selection Respiratory CO 2 gas exchange process during mechanical ventilation involves the lungs, arteries, and veins as well as body tissues Grodins et al.

Figure 1. Model Identification Since Eq. Comparative Model Analysis The three candidate models were compared in terms of predictive capability and reliability. Results and Discussion A parsimonious and credible model of respiratory mechanics and physiology may expedite the design, analysis, testing, and deployment of closed-loop mechanical ventilation controllers.

Data On the average, Figure 2. Predictive Capability and Reliability Overall, the two-compartment models M2 and M3 exhibited superior predictive accuracy than their one-compartment counterpart M1. Figure 3. Table 4 Parameters identified from the data-based modeling analysis [median IQR ]. Limitation and Future Perspectives This study has a number of limitations that need to be addressed in follow-up studies. Conclusion and Future Work In our effort to derive a minimally complex, high-fidelity, and transparent data-based respiratory physiology model applicable to the design and pilot testing of closed-loop end-tidal CO 2 controllers, we conducted a comparative data-based modeling analysis of the respiratory CO 2 gas exchange process.

Author Contributions All authors listed have made substantial, direct, and intellectual contribution to the work and approved it for publication. Conflict of Interest Statement The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. Footnotes 1 The weights of the pediatric subjects were not available in the anonymized data. References Anderson J. Modeling soluble gas exchange in the airways and alveoli. Current and projected workforce requirements for care of the critically ill and patients with pulmonary disease: can we meet the requirements of an aging population?

JAMA , — Modeling instability in the control system for human respiration: applications to infant non-REM sleep.

Respiratory Control - A Modeling Perspective | F.S. Grodins | Springer

A numerical model of the respiratory modulation of pulmonary shunt and PaO2 oscillations for acute lung injury. History and principles of closed-loop control applied to mechanical ventilation. Care 6 , 6—9.


  • ModelDB: Models that contain the Cell : Respiratory column neuron.
  • Medicares Quality Improvement Organization Program: Maximizing Potential (Series: Pathways to Quality Health Care)?
  • Strabismus Symposium Amsterdam, September 3–4, 1981?
  • The Praise Singer!
  • Nocturnal Animals (Greenwood Guides to the Animal World)!

New York: Springer-Verlag. The value of carbon dioxide monitoring during anaesthesia. Anaesthesia 21 , — A framework for improvement. An integrative model of respiratory and cardiovascular control in sleep-disordered breathing. A comprehensive simulator of the human respiratory system: validation with experimental and simulated data. Computer control of respiration and anaesthesia. Nonconventional ventilation techniques. Care 19 , 31— A knowledge-based system for assisted ventilation of patients in intensive care units.

Modeling alveolar volume changes during periodic breathing in heterogeneously ventilated lungs. Automatic control of arterial carbon dioxide tension in mechanically ventilated patients. IEEE Trans. Mathematical analysis and digital simulation of the respiratory control system. Respiratory responses to CO2 inhalation. A theoretical study of a nonlinear biological regulator. Gas exchange modelling: no more gills, please. System identification and closed-loop control of end-tidal CO2 in mechanically ventilated patients. A closed-loop mechanical ventilation controller with explicit objective functions.

Minimal model quantification of pulmonary gas exchange in intensive care patients. Factors inducing periodic breathing in humans — a general model. An adaptive lung ventilation controller. Automatic weaning from mechanical ventilation using an adaptive lung ventilation controller.

Breadcrumb

Chest , — System Identification: Theory for the User. Model-based control of mechanical ventilation: design and clinical validation. Alveolar ventilation to perfusion heterogeneity and diffusion impairment in a mathematical model of gas exchange. Applied Numerical Methods in C. Automatic control of pressure support mechanical ventilation using fuzzy logic.


  • Psychotherapy training and practice : a journey into the shadow side.
  • Respiratory center - Wikipedia!
  • Institutional access?
  • Nothing But Gold: The Diggers of 1852.
  • Beginning Google Maps API 3!

Care Med. A microprocessor based feedback controller for mechanical ventilation. Modeling the non-steady state respiratory effects of remifentanil in awake and propofol-sedated healthy volunteers. Anesthesiology , — Interventions to reduce mortality among patients treated in intensive care units. Care 19 , — Closed-loop control of an anesthesia delivery system: development and animal testing. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. Determinants of future long-term asthma control. The frequency of asthma exacerbations and healthcare utilization in patients with asthma from the UK and USA.

BMC Pulm Med. Arch Bronconeumol. Department of Statistics Malaysia. Vital Statistics Malaysia Putrajaya Rates and probabilities in economic modelling: transformation, translation and appropriate application. Development, feasibility, and validity of a computer-based utility assessment tool for measuring asthma-specific health utilities in Malaysia using the standard gamble method.

Test of an interactive voice response intervention to improve adherence to controller medications in adults with asthma. J Am Board Fam Med. Association of medication adherence with workplace productivity and health-related quality of life in patients with asthma. Adv Ther. Repeated instruction on inhalation technique improves adherence to the therapeutic regimen in asthma. How much does management of an asthma-related event cost in a Malaysian Suburban Hospital?

Value Health Reg Issues. Abrigded life tables Malaysia — Mortality of adults with asthma: a prospective cohort study.

Respiratory - Regulation of Breathing: Central & Peripheral Chemoreceptors - Part 2

Newcombe RG. Two-sided confidence intervals for the single proportion: comparison of seven methods. Stat Med. Inequities in health care: a five-country survey. Health Aff. Quality in and equality of access to Healthcare Services. Spain: European Commission; Access, affordability, and insurance complexity are often worse in the United States compared to ten other countries.

Cost-effectiveness analysis of a pharmacy asthma care program in Australia. Dis Manag Health Outcomes.

npj Primary Care Respiratory Medicine

Randomized controlled economic evaluation of asthma self-management in primary health care. Cost-effectiveness of internet-based self-management compared with usual care in Asthma. Economic evaluation of enhanced asthma management: a systematic review. Pharm Pract Granada.

Cost-utility of a disease management program for patients with asthma. Download references. YYV collected, analyzed, and interpreted the data regarding economic evaluation and was a major contributor in writing the manuscript. AAS provided guidance in the whole process of economic evaluation, reviewed and edited the manuscript. Both authors read and approved the final manuscript. Professor Henry Glick of University of Pennsylvania provided support and guidance in calculating transition probabilities for composite asthma control and medication adherence Health states.

Professor David Price of Observational and Pragmatic Research Institute provided invaluable support in providing resources for some of the data input model. We would like to thank the Director General of Health Malaysia for his permission to publish this article. These findings are the result of work supported by the Ministry of Health Malaysia. The views expressed in this paper are those of the authors, and no official endorsement by the Ministry of Health is intended or should be inferred.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Correspondence to Asrul Akmal Shafie. Reprints and Permissions. Search all BMC articles Search. Methods A lifetime horizon dynamic adherence Markov model with monthly cycle was developed, for quality-adjusted life year QALY gained and hospitalization averted outcomes.

Respiratory Control

Background Asthma is a heterogeneous chronic respiratory disease that is usually characterized by chronic airway inflammation. Model structure It was decided to develop a new model although there were a few existing Markov models in the literature. Full size image. References 1. Article Google Scholar 2. Article Google Scholar 3. Article Google Scholar 4. Article Google Scholar 6.

Article Google Scholar 8. Google Scholar 9. Article Google Scholar CAS Google Scholar Google Scholar Acknowledgements Professor Henry Glick of University of Pennsylvania provided support and guidance in calculating transition probabilities for composite asthma control and medication adherence Health states. Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Consent for publication We would like to thank the Director General of Health Malaysia for his permission to publish this article.

Buy Hardcover. Buy Softcover. FAQ Policy. About this book Breathing is performed by the rhythmic contraction of respiratory muscles. Show all. Pages Ishiguro, Makio et al. Pages Ono, Kenichi et al. Richard et al. Pages Cathcart, Andrew J.